Sometimes varicose veins are deeper under the skin surface and not visible. These deep varicose veins are encased by muscle and connective tissue, which help pump the blood in the veins and back to the heart.
These veins have one-way valves to prevent them from developing varicosities. However, the symptoms tend to be the same as superficial veins. Faulty valves in the veins, which allow some blood circulation to flow back instead of continuing on course to the heart, cause varicose veins. Thus, patients can have pain, ranging from a dull throbbing pain to a burning sensation.
Heredity, obesity, pregnancy, hormonal changes, prolonged standing, increased abdominal pressure due to tight clothing and other issues cause varicose veins.
The treatment for varicose veins can be done on an outpatient basis or our in-office setting. For this local anesthetic procedure, the vein collapses and seals shut. A tiny catheter is inserted into the damaged vein to deliver radio frequency or laser energy to the vein wall under ultrasound guidance, causing it to heat and collapse. This procedure causes insignificant postoperative pain and is the least invasive, safest, and the most effective treatment available.